Welcome to the world of modulation: something that I think Scaler excels at. In this short tutorial I am going to outline how easy it is to change (ie. modulate) from one key to another. But first a little music theory.
Every major key has a relative minor (natural) key that uses the same notes. The relative minor is the Aeolian mode of the major key, which is the scale but starting on the sixth note of the major scale. The relative minor of C major is A minor and its notes are A,B,C,D,E,F,G.
The easiest modulations to do are to keys that have a key signature 1 sharp or 1 flat different from the original key. So for C major the easiest modulations are to
- A minor (the same key signature),
- F major (key signature = 1 flat),
- G major (key signature = 1 sharp),
- D minor which is the relative minor of F major and has key signature = 1 flat, and
- E minor which is the relative minor of G major and has key signature = 1 sharp.
But you can modulate to any other key.
I am going to start with a simple four chord progression in C maj
Now simply click on the MOD page
On the left-hand side of the window is the Circle of Fifths, which we will use to help us to modulate to the new key (the Circle of Fifths, is shows the relationship between the scales and keys in Western 12 tone music). Above the Circle of Fifths is a drop-down menu giving various modulation options, but for this simple modulation we will leave it on “PROGRESSION”.
This means that when we modulate to the new key it will also show us the chords of our progression in the new key.
The circle actually consists of two circles: the outer one is the major keys and the inner one the minor keys.
Now simply click on the key to which you want to modulate (in this example I am choosing to modulate to E min).
And the page now shows you a suggested path for your modulation,
and your progression in the new key.
Note that, if there is more than one path, there will be a little grey arrow to the right of the SUGGESTED PATH.
If you click on this arrow another suggested path will be displayed.
I am going to use this path to modulate to E min. And because I already have a G maj chord in my original pattern
I am going to use just the last three chords in the modulation path
I add these to a new pattern,
and then add my pattern in the new key to a new pattern
The final song (?) is
I do recommend the on-line Scaler Course as it covers many topics from an introductory level to more advanced topics.